Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can cause a wide range of physical and mental effects. For some people, these effects are temporary. For others, the effects of TBI require ongoing treatment and therapy to restore function.
Fortunately, there are a variety of treatments for TBI, which vary according to the severity of the injuries. Here are a few possible treatments and how they can restore a person’s health.
Serious TBIs require immediate care from emergency medical personnel. When skull fractures are a factor, the medical staff must make sure they are properly mended. Doctors must also address any bleeding and swelling within the brain to prevent worsening effects. Fast action is the best way to preserve brain tissues and stop more serious complications from occurring.
Because serious TBI can impact abilities, many people require additional therapies after emergency care. If there are issues with muscle strength and weakness, a physical therapist can use targeted exercise to restore function. Occupational therapy teaches a person how to perform essential daily tasks when dealing with limitations caused by their injuries. Cognitive therapy is also beneficial for addressing issues related to thinking and problem-solving.
Medication can also treat many TBI effects, both in the short and the long term. If there are concerns about brain swelling, doctors may prescribe a diuretic. Blood thinning medication is also used to reduce the risk of dangerous clots. Some people experience mental health effects after a head injury. In this case, antidepressants and anti-anxiety medication can ease symptoms.
Even seemingly minor concussions require assessment by a medical professional. The sooner you visit a doctor after experiencing an injury, the faster you will receive essential treatment.